planeinfo

Airbus A350

Background Engines Development Variants History Design Operators Specifications
seats

MAX Seating Capacity (-1000)

480

fuel

Fuel Capacity (-1000)

158,791 L Or 274,808 lb

thrust

Max Engine Thrust (-1000)

431.5 kN (97,000 lbf)

altitude

Service Ceiling (-900)

43,100ft (113,100 m)

Airbus A350

Background

Boeing's suggestion that the 787 Dreamliner will pose a severe threat to the Airbus A330 was initially dismissed by Airbus. When airlines pressed Airbus for a competitor, the "A330-200Lite" was initially proposed. This variant was supposed to be announced during the 2004 Farnborough Airshow, but it never happened. The "authorisation to offer" for the A350 was authorised by Airbus' shareholders, EADS and BAE Systems, in December 2004. The airline and General Electric (GE) signed a memorandum of understanding in September 2006 to introduce the GEnx-1A-72 engine for the plane. Forgeard would not reveal the project's name or if it will be a completely new design or a tweak to an existing product. When airlines pressed Airbus for a competitor, the "A330-200Lite" was proposed, a version of the A330 with superior aerodynamics and engines similar to those found on the 787. The A350 was supposed to be a 250- to 300-seat aircraft based on the design of the existing A330. The fuselage was to be made mostly of aluminum-lithium rather than the Boeing 787's carbon-fibre-reinforced polymer (CFRP) fuselage. Two of Airbus's biggest customers openly chastised the original A350 design.

Trent XWB, photo from flickr by Bernd Sieker

Engines

Photo By Bernd Sieker on Flickr.

Early in 2011, the Trent XWB's flight test programme began aboard the A380 development aircraft. Airbus began hiring in Toulouse and Madrid in November 2018 to work on a re-engined A350neo. It would be delivered in the mid-2020s, albeit its introduction is not confirmed. Early in 2011, the Trent XWB's flight test programme began on the A380 development plane, ahead of the engine's certification in late 2011. Ultra-high bypass ratio engine technologies pursued by Pratt & Whitney, which is testing its Geared Turbofan upgrade; Safran Aircraft Engines, which is ground testing a demonstrator from 2021; and Rolls-Royce, which is targeting a 2025 Ultrafan service entry, will determine service entry.


A350, found on flickr by Falcon® Photography

Development

Photo By Falcon® Photography on Flickr.

The A350 XWB production programme is characterised by considerable international collaboration and new facility investments. Airbus built ten new plants in Western Europe and the United States, with three more locations receiving additions. A £570 million (US$760 million or €745 million) composite complex near Broughton, Wales, was one of the new structures. The National Assembly for Wales announced a £28 million grant in June 2009 to fund a training centre, production jobs, and money for the new manufacturing centre. The first prototype A350's final assembly was completed in December 2012. The A350-900 cost US$317.4 million per unit in 2018, while the A350-1000 cost US$366.5 million per unit.

A350, photo from flickr by blackqualis

Variants

Photo By blackqualis on Flickr.

Airbus Business Jets also offers the A350 as the ACJ350 corporate jet. Airbus delayed the A350-introduction 1000's into service by two years, until mid-2017, at the 2011 Paris Air Show. The -800 was supposed to go into service in mid-2016 when it was announced in October 2012, but it was shelved in September 2014.

A350-900

The A350-900 is the first A350 variant, with a maximum takeoff weight of 280 tonnes (620,000 lb), a seating capacity of 325 passengers, and a range of 8,100 nautical miles (15,000 km). The A350-900 will compete against the Boeing 777 and 787 (777-200ER/LR and Boeing 787-10). It has a maximum takeoff weight of 280 tonnes (620,000 lb), a seating capacity of 325 passengers, and a range of 8,100 nautical miles (15,000 km). The PAL version will have an MTOW of 278 tonnes (613,000lb), while the -900 will be offered with the ULR's 280 tonnes starting in 2020. The Airbus A340-300 and A340-500 will be replaced by the 900, which will compete with the Boeing 777 and 787 (777-200ER/LR and Boeing 787-10).It will allow nonstop Manila-New York City flights without weight restrictions in both directions, covering a distance of 7,404 nautical miles (13,712 kilometres).

A350-900ULR

The A350-900ULR has a range of 9,700 nautical miles (18,000 kilometres) and can fly for 19 hours. Singapore Airlines' seating will range from 170 seats in mostly business class to more than 250 seats in mixed seating. In February 2018, the first aircraft was brought out for ground testing without its engines. Singapore Airlines, the first customer, flew the -900ULR on nonstop flights between Singapore and New York City and destinations on the west coast of the United States. On October 12, 2018, it arrived at Newark Liberty International Airport after a 17-hour and 52-minute flight from Singapore Changi, covering 16,561 kilometres (8,942 miles) for a 15,353-kilometer (8,290-mile) orthodromic trip. John Leahy observed the demand for this model among Middle Eastern Gulf airlines during the 2015 Dubai Air Show.

ACJ350

The ACJ350, an Airbus Corporate Jet version of the A350, is based on the A350-900ULR. The ACJ350 has a maximum range of 20,000 kilometres because to the improved fuel capacity over the -900ULR (10,800 nmi). The German Air Force will be the first to receive the ACJ350, having bought three to replace its two A340-300 aircraft.

A350 Regional

Following the launch of the Boeing 787-10 at the 2013 Paris Air Show, Airbus talked with airlines a possible A350-900 Regional variant with a decreased MTOW of 250 t (550,000 lb). Etihad Airways and Singapore Airlines were likely to place orders for the A350 Regional. There have been no more announcements concerning this variation since 2013.

A350-1000

With a length of little about 74 metres (243 feet), the A350-1000 is the largest member of the A350 series. It has a range of 8,700 nautical miles and seats 350-410 passengers in a normal three-class layout (16,100 km). It is meant to replace the A340-600 and compete with the Boeing 777-300ER and 777-9, with a 9-abreast configuration. The thrust of the Trent XWB engine from Rolls-Royce has been increased to 97,000 lbf (430 kN). Its range was increased from 7,950 to 8,400 nautical miles (14,720 to 15,560 kilometres), possibly in reaction to Qantas' Project Sunrise. The -1000 will not have the larger fuel tanks or other fuel system changes that the -900ULR has. Its 316 t MTOW was added to the type certificate data sheet on May 29, 2018. Initially, it was thought that the variation would be known as the A350-1000ULR.

A350 Freighter

In 2007, it was announced that an A350-900 freighter would be constructed after the passenger version, with a capacity similar to the MD-11F and a range of 9,250 km (5,000 nmi). The A350-900 freighter was first discussed in 2007, with a range of 9,250 km and a similar capacity as the MD-11F. (5,000 nmi). Before a possible launch in early 2020, Airbus proposed an A350F. For the $2–3 billion initiative to get off the ground, Airbus would need 50 orders. It is based on the -1000 variant for payloads greater than 90 tonnes, and it is expected to enter service in 2025. The A350F would maintain the 319t MTOW of the A350-1000 while being 6.9 m (23 ft) longer than the Boeing 777F, allowing for a 10% increase in freight volume at 695 m3 (24,500 cu ft) compared to 633 m3 (22,400 cu ft) for the 777F, equivalent to the Boeing 747-8F.

B-LXA, photo from flickr by 湯小沅

History

Photo By 湯小沅 on Flickr.

As of January 2022, there have been no fatalities and no hull damage accidents in the global A350 fleet.

Air flight at Hong Kong airport, photo by mihimaru on Flickr

Design

Photo By mihimaru on Flickr.

When compared to the initial A350 design, Airbus expects a 10% reduction in airframe maintenance and a 14% reduction in empty seat weight over the Boeing 777. The maximum diameter of the double-lobe fuselage cross-section is 5.97 m (19.6 ft), compared to 5.64 m (18.5 ft) for the A330/A340. The nose section of the A350 is based on the A380 and features a forward-mounted nosegear compartment and a six-panel windshield. Its wingspan of 64.75 metres (212.4 feet) is within the same ICAO Aerodrome Reference Code E 65m limit as the A330/A340 and Boeing 777. Through a 30 cm increase to the inboard parts of the fixed trailing edge, the A350-1000 wing is 22.3 m2 (240 sq ft) larger. Through a 30 cm (12 in) increase to the inboard parts of the fixed trailing edge, the A350-1000 wing is 22.3 m2 (240 sq ft) larger. The wings are made at Airbus Broughton's new £400 million (US$641 million), 46,000 m2 (500,000 sq ft) North Factory, which employs 650 people and was built with £29 million in Welsh Government funding. As part of the transition to a composite wing structure, Airbus devised a three-pronged design philosophy for the A350's main undercarriage. The A350-900 has four-wheel bogies in a 4.1 m (13 ft) long bay, while the -1000 has a 6.7 m (15 ft) wider bay. According to Airbus, the new design provides a better cabin climate with 20% humidity and a cabin altitude of less than 6,000 feet (1,800 m). The A350 XWB msn. 24 is equipped with a ram air turbine that can generate 100 kilovolt-ampere and is positioned in the fuselage. Over the course of the programme, Parker predicts that the contracts will yield more than $2 billion in income. The A350 XWB's glass cockpit was redesigned to eliminate the A380-sized panel and replace it with 38 cm (15 in) liquid-crystal display screens. Two centre screens, one above the other, and a single primary flight/navigation display with an adjacent on-board information system screen make up the six-screen arrangement. The cockpit architecture, according to Airbus, allows for future advancements in navigation technology to be displayed on the displays.

a350, photo by wallycacsabre on Flickr

Operators

Photo By a350 on Flickr.

As of January 2022, there were 465 A350 aircraft in service, with 39 operators and 50 clients. Singapore Airlines (58), Qatar Airways (53), Cathay Pacific (43), Delta Air Lines (26) and Lufthansa (26) were the top five airlines (18).

Specifications


specifications table