planeinfo

Boeing 767

Background Engines Development Variants History Design Operators Specifications
seats

MAX Seating Capacity (767-400ER )

409

fuel

Fuel Capacity (747 -8)

91379.84 L

thrust

Max Engine Thrust (767 -400ER)

270 kN (60,600 lbf)

altitude

Service Ceiling

43,100 ft (13,100m)

An autrian airlines 767 coming in for landing.

Background

On July 14, 1978, the Boeing 767 was introduced as the 7X7 programme. On September 26, 1981, the prototype flew for the first time, and on July 30, 1982, it was certified. United Airlines took delivery of the first 767-200 on September 8, 1982. In October 1986, it was expanded into the 767-300, which was followed by the 767-300ER, the most popular type, in 1988. In October 1995, the production cargo version made its debut. In October 1986, it was expanded into the 767-300, which was followed by the 767-300ER, the most popular type, in 1988.

American Airlines Boeing 767 port engine cowl open, American Airlines DFW, photo from flickr by Bill Abbott

Engines

Photo By Bill Abbott on Flickr.

It has a seven-abreast cross-section to compliment the larger 747 and can accommodate smaller LD2 ULD cargo containers. The 767 is Boeing's first wide-body twinjet, with turbofans from General Electric, Rolls-Royce, or Pratt & Whitney. PW4000 engines eventually superseded JT9D engines. For reduced aerodynamic drag, the aircraft sports a conventional tail and a supercritical wing. The 757's two-crew glass cockpit was designed collaboratively for the narrow-body aircraft, providing a shared pilot type rating. In 1986, Boeing conducted studies for a larger 767, which resulted in the development of the 777 twinjet, which was debuted in June 1995.


The Sprit of Delta Boeing 767 at the Delta Flight Museum, Atlanta, Georgia found on flickr by Matt Kieffer

Development

Photo By Matt Kieffer Archives on Flickr.

The first plane's final assembly began in July 1979 at Boeing's Everett facility. On August 4, 1981, the prototype aircraft, N767BA, took to the skies. Fuji Heavy Industries (wing fairings and gear doors), Kawasaki Heavy Industries (centre fuselage), and Mitsubishi Heavy Industries (wing fairings and gear doors) were among the CTDC's constituent businesses that provided several assemblies (rear fuselage, doors, and tail). Air Canada, All Nippon Airways, Britannia Airways, Transbrasil, and Trans World Airlines were among the 17 customers that had placed firm orders for the 767 programme at this point (TWA). In July 1982, the US Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) and the UK Civil Aviation Authority (CAA) certified the JT9D-powered 767-200. United Airlines received the first delivery on August 19, 1982. On September 8, 1982, United Airlines introduced the 767 into service. The aircraft's introduction went off without a hitch, with only a few minor operational issues. The 767-200 was first flown by American Airlines and TWA in late 1982. In 1983, Air Canada, China Airlines, El Al, and Pacific Western began flying the plane. In December 1982, Ethiopian Airlines placed the first order for the type. An Ethiopian Airlines 767-200ER achieved a non-stop commercial twinjet record of 12,082 km (6,524 nmi) from Washington DC to Addis Ababa in May 1984. The FAA issued the first certification for 120-minute ETOPS flights to 767 operators in 1985, starting with TWA, on an individual airline basis, if the operator met flight safety standards. The increased safety margins were made possible due to the twinjet's and turbofan engines' greater reliability.

Seen here in store at Pinal are (from top to bottom):-

		767-332 'N135DL' in Delta colours, c/n 25145, l/n 356,
		
		767-3Y0ER 'N288SC' in Air Madagascar colours and was previously '5R-MFJ', c/n 26200, l/n 450,
		
		767-3Y0ER 'N764RD' c/n 26204, l/n 464
		
		and
		
		767-33AER 'N637TW' c/n 25403, l/n 409.
		
		Pinal Air Park, Marana.
		
		Arizona, USA.
		
		09-2-2014, photo from flickr by Alan Wilson

Variants

Photo By Alan Wilson on Flickr.

Boeing and airlines frequently abbreviate the model number (767) with the variation designator, such as –200 or –300. The aircraft type designator system of the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) follows a similar numerical pattern, but adds a preceding manufacturer letter. The 767-200ER and 767-300ER are longer-range variants, while cargo types include the 767-300F, which is a production freighter, and conversions of passenger 767-200 and 767-300 aircraft. The 767-200, 767-300, and 767-400ER were the first versions of these planes.

767-200

The 767-200 was the first model, and it was introduced in 1982 by United Airlines. TWA was the first carrier to deploy the 767-200 on transatlantic ETOPS flights, which began on February 1, 1985, under 90-minute diversion limits. The Airbus A300 and A310 were rivals for the type. As of July 2018, there were 52 examples of the type in commercial operation, almost all of which were freighter conversions. Boeing started selling 767-200SF (Special Freighter) adaptations for cargo use in 1998, while Israel Aerospace Industries has been licenced to do cargo conversions since 2005. Mainline US carriers have mostly employed this type for domestic routes between major hub cities like as Los Angeles and Washington.

767-2C

On December 29, 2014, a commercial freighter variant of the Boeing 767-200 with wings from the -300 series and a modified flightdeck flew for the first time. The KC-46 is a military tanker version being developed by the US Air Force. Boeing is constructing two commercial freighters that will be utilised to acquire FAA certification. Boeing has no customers for the cargo as of 2014. The KC-46 is a military tanker variant of the Boeing 767-2C being developed for the United States Air Forces.

767-200ER

El Al initially flew the 767-200ER in 1984, and it was the first extended-range type. The improved range of the type is attributed to increased fuel capacity and a maximum takeoff weight of up to 395,000 lb (179,000 kg). The additional fuel capacity is achieved by transporting fuel through the centre tank's dry dock. On the -300ER and -400ER models, the central tank is also utilised. The improved range of the type is attributed to increased fuel capacity and a maximum takeoff weight (MTOW) of up to 395,000 lb (179,000 kg). The engines for this version were initially the same as for the 767-200, but more powerful Pratt & Whitney PW4000 and General Electric CF6 engines became available later. With an Air Mauritius flight from Halifax, Nova Scotia to Port Louis, Mauritius on April 17, 1988, the 767-200ER became the first 767 to perform a nonstop transatlantic journey, breaking the flying distance record for a twinjet airliner. In July 2018, 21 passenger and cargo conversion variants were in service with airlines.

767-300

Japan Airlines began operating the 767-300 in 1986. In comparison to the 767, the design has a 21.1-foot (6.43-meter) fuselage extension and more powerful Pratt & Whitney PW4000 and Rolls-Royce RB211 engines. It has been deployed on high-density routes throughout Asia and Europe. As of July 2018, there were 34 of the variants in use by airlines.

767-300ER

In 1988, American Airlines introduced the 767-300ER into service. Greater fuel tankage and a higher MTOW of 407,000 lb enabled the type's enhanced range (185,000 kg). Pratt & Whitney PW4000, General Electric CF6, or Rolls-Royce RB211 engines provide propulsion. Four main cabin doors and four over-wing window exits are included in the standard layout. The second version includes six major cabin exits, while the third includes two smaller doors behind the wings. The 767-300ER's combination of greater capacity and range has been particularly appealing to both new and existing 767 operators.

767-300F

The 767-300F has a cargo volume of 15,469 cubic feet and can store up to 24 standard 88-by-125-inch (220 by 320 cm) pallets on the main deck and up to 30 LD2 unit load devices on the lower deck (438 m3). In July 2018, UPS Airlines operated 222 freighter variants and freighter conversions. On August 23, 1996, Asiana Airlines received a general market variant with onboard freight-handling capabilities. Boeing, Israel Aerospace Industries, and Wagner Aeronautical have all provided passenger-to-freighter conversion services since then. As of August 2019, there have been 161 767-300F deliveries, with 61 orders still pending.

767-400ER

The 767-400ER is the first Boeing wide-body jet, and it initially flew with Continental Airlines in 2000. The type has a total length of 201.25 feet, with a 21.1-foot (6.43-meter) extend over the 767-300. (61.3 m). With the addition of raked wingtips, the wingspan is expanded by 14.3 feet (4.36 metres). The General Electric CF6 engines have been upgraded to generate more power. Before the 767-400ER was put into service, the FAA gave it permission to fly 180-minute ETOPS trips. The 767-400ERX, a longer-range version of the 767, was introduced in July 2000 before being phased out a year later, leaving the 767-400ER as the only variant of the largest 767. The Airbus A330-200 is the type's direct competitor.

This Boeing 767-269ER took its first flight on January 30, 1986…(c/n 23280/ 131), photo from flickr by Aero Icarus

History

Photo By Aero Icarus on Flickr.

The Boeing 767 has been involved in 60 aviation incidents as of February 2019, including 19 hull-loss accidents. A total of 854 occupants have died in seven deadly crashes, including three hijackings.

Fatal Incidenets
In 1991, Lauda Air Flight 004 crashed after the left engine thrust reverser on a 767-300ER was deployed in flight; none of the 223 people on board survived. EgyptAir Flight 990 crashed off the coast of Nantucket, Massachusetts in 1999, killing all 217 passengers and crew members on board. Air China Flight 129 crashed into a hill in Busan, South Korea, in 2002 while attempting to land at Gimhae International Airport. Atlas Air Flight 3591 crashed into Trinity Bay in Houston, Texas on February 23, 2019. Atlas Air Flight 3591, an Amazon Air Boeing 767-300ERF air cargo, crashed into Trinity Bay near Houston, Texas, on February 23, 2019, while on its way to George Bush Intercontinental Airport; both pilots and the only passenger were killed.
Hijackings
Six hijackings using the 767 have occurred, three of which resulted in fatalities. In the September 11 assaults on the World Trade Center in 2001, two 767s were involved. In 1996, Ethiopian Airlines Flight 961 crashed near the Comoro Islands in the Indian Ocean. All 92 individuals on board American Airlines Flight 11, a 767-200ER, died when it slammed into the North Tower, and all 65 people on board United Airlines Flight 175, a 767-200, died when it crashed into the South Tower.
Hull Losses
After a technical breakdown of the landing gear necessitated an emergency landing with the landing gear retracted on November 1, 2011, LOT Polish Airlines Flight 16, a 767-300ER, safely landed at Warsaw Chopin Airport in Warsaw, Poland. Although no one was hurt, the plane was damaged and was eventually written off. Aviation observers suggested at the time that the event may have been the first total landing gear failure in the 767's service history. The aircraft's primary landing gear extension system had been disabled owing to a broken hose, but an otherwise working backup system had been rendered inoperable due to an accidently shut circuit breaker. On October 28, 2016, an uncontained failure of the right GE CF6-80C2 engine forced American Airlines Flight 383, a 767-300ER with 161 passengers and 9 crew members, to abandon takeoff at Chicago O'Hare Airport. The engine breakdown, which flung shards a long way, produced a gasoline leak, which resulted in a fire beneath the right wing. The cabin was filled with smoke and fire. The aircraft was evacuated by all passengers and crew, with 20 passengers and one flight attendant incurring minor injuries as a result of the evacuation slides.
Other Incidents
On July 23, 1983, Air Canada Flight 143, a 767-200, had its first incident. The plane ran out of fuel in the air and had to glide for over 43 nautical miles (80 kilometres) to Gimli, Manitoba, Canada, where it made an emergency landing. The hydraulic systems for aerodynamic control were powered by the aircraft's ram air turbine. No one was killed, and only minor injuries were sustained. The landing place earned this plane the moniker "Gimli Glider." The aircraft, designated C-GAUN, remained in service with Air Canada until January 2008, when it was retired. The US Federal Aviation Administration issued a directive in January 2014 ordering elevator inspections on more than 400 767s to begin in March 2014. The focus was on fasteners and other elements that may fail and cause the elevators to jam. The problem was initially noticed in 2000, and many Boeing service bulletins have addressed it. Within six years, the inspections and repairs must be done. During maintenance or operations, as well as during flight, the aircraft has had many instances of "uncommanded escape slide inflating." The FAA issued a preliminary order to address the issue in late 2015.

Boeing 767 - 300 of KLM at Schipol Airport, Amsterdam, 03/06. Scanned slide taken with a Canon AE-1 Program., photo from flickr by Hugh Llewelyn

Design

Photo By Hugh Llewelyn on Flickr.

The 767 is a cantilever monoplane with a low wing and a traditional tail unit with a single fin and rudder. The wings have a 31.5-degree sweep and are designed for a Mach 0.8 cruising speed (533 mph or 858 km/h). Each wing has a six-panel leading edge slat, single- and double-slotted flaps, inboard and outboard ailerons, and six spoilers, as well as a supercritical airfoil cross-section. The 767 features retractable tricycle landing gear with four wheels on each main gear and two on the nose gear to disperse the aircraft's weight on the ground. The main gear of the 767-400ER is bigger and more widely spread, with 777 wheels, tyres, and brakes. Pilot viewing angles are comparable because to a higher cockpit floor and the identical front cockpit windows. Because of the same design and functioning, 767 pilots may get a common type rating to operate the 757 and share the same seniority roster as 757 pilots. The 767 employs the same auxiliary power unit, electric power systems, and hydraulic equipment as the 757, in addition to sharing avionics and computer technologies. The Electronic flight instrument system (EFIS) and engine indication and crew alerting system (EICAS) information are shown on six Rockwell Collins CRT screens on the original 767 flight deck, allowing pilots to handle monitoring jobs traditionally handled by the flight engineer. In 1984, the 767 became the first aircraft to achieve FAA CAT IIIb certification for landings with a minimum visibility of 980 feet (300 metres). Six Rockwell Collins liquid crystal display (LCD) panels simplify the cockpit arrangement even more on the 767-400ER. The LCD panels may be set to display information in the same way as older 767s to maintain operational consistency. Control surfaces, landing gear, and utility actuation systems are all operated by three redundant hydraulic systems on the 767. In the case of an emergency, a ram air turbine supplies power for basic controllers. The fly-by-wire method saves weight and allows individual spoilers to operate independently. The 767 has a twin-aisle cabin, with business class seating arranged six abreast and economy seating arranged seven across. The Boeing 767 has a conventional business class arrangement of six abreast and seven across in economy. The Boeing Signature Interior, inspired by the 777, debuted on the 767-400ER in 2000. The Signature Interior may be adapted into older 767s. It is possible to equip the aircraft with additional seats to accommodate up to eight people in a row, however this is uncommon. Some operators have implemented the Enhanced Interior, which includes curved ceiling panels and indirect lighting with little cabin architectural alteration, as well as aftermarket modifications such as Heath Tecna's NuLook 767 package.

Japan Airlines Boeing 767-300ER JA602J, photo by Melvinnnnnnnnnnn (FN2187) on Flickr

Operators

Photo By Melvinnnnnnnnnnn (FN2187) on Flickr.

In July 2018, 742 aircraft were in airline service: 73 -200s, 632 -300s, and 37 -400s, with 65 -300Fs on order; the largest operators are Delta Air Lines (77), FedEx (60; largest cargo operator), UPS Airlines (59), United Airlines (51), Japan Airlines (35), and All Nippon Airways (35); the largest operators are Delta Air Lines (77), FedEx (60; largest cargo operator), UPS Airlines (59), United Airlines (34). The Airbus A300 and A310 were rivals for the type. Delta Air Lines has 117 767 clients, followed by FedEx Express (148), All Nippon Airways (96), American Airlines (88), and United Airlines (88). (82). All -200, -300, and -400 passenger types have only two customers: Delta and United. FedEx made a definite order for 50 Boeing 767 freighters in July 2015, with delivery dates ranging from 2018 to 2023.

Specifications


specifications table